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What is Engineering?

Engineering is a stream of education which involves the application of Science, Technology and Mathematics to innovate, design, develop and maintain machines, structures, software, hardware and systems & processes. This field offers a range of career opportunities across all industries, making it one of the most sought after course pursued by students after Class XII, especially those from the Science stream.

Students planning to study Engineering in India can choose from nearly 100 specialisations, with Computer Science Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering being some of the most popular ones.

Engineering Colleges in India

Engineering Colleges in Bangalore

Engineering Colleges in Delhi/NCR

According to a 2018-19 report of the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) powered by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), Engineering is the third major stream with 37.70 lakh students enrolled at the undergraduate level. The share of male student enrolled in Engineering and Technology is 71.1 per cent where female enrolment is 28.9 per cent. 


JEE Main 2020 Mock Test is a comprehensive Test including Questions from Physics, Chemistry and Maths. This test will help you to get an idea about the type of questions that will be asked, the exam pattern and marking scheme. After taking the test, you can immediately check your score. You can also download the Question Paper along with answers and their explanations for Free. 

Free JEE Main 2020 Mock Test


The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and some private technical institutes such as Birla Institute of Science & Technology (BITS) Pilani are some of the best institutes to pursue engineering from. According to ShikshaTrends, there are more than 3,500 colleges offering engineering courses in India.

Eligibility for Engineering Courses





Candidates must have passed Class XII exam from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects

They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60 per cent in the above subjects combined

BTech Lateral Entry

Candidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with minimum 45 per cent aggregate marks or equivalent


Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for ME/MTech degree course


Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 35 per cent in Science and Maths subjects


Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55 per cent marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches

Engineering Entrance Exams

Most of the engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national level exams, and some conduct their own entrance exam. Here are some of the popular engineering exams in India at the UG and PG level.



JEE Main

GATE is one of the most popular postgraduate engineering entrance exam for admissions to MTech programmes in India

JEE Advanced





Most engineering entrance exam schedules are impacted due to the Coronavirus crisis. Exams postponed, application deadlines extended as new dates are awaited. Below is a snapshot of some of the important upcoming exam events for BTech admissions in the country. 


Upcoming Event 

JEE Main (April) 2020 JEE Main April exam likely to be held in June. Exact date awaited.  
BCECE 2020 No exam to be held for BTech and BArch. Admissions are done through counselling basis JEE Main scores 
AP EAMCET 2020 AP EAMCET 2020 application dates further extended by JNTU Kakinada until May 07, 2020. 
BITSAT 2020 BITS Pilani has extended the last date to fill BITSAT 2020 application form till April 26
KEAM 2020

Exam dates to be announced. Admit Card awaited. 


Engineering Courses

Engineering programmes in India are offered at the undergraduate (UG), postgraduate and PhD level. Listed below are the types of engineering courses offered at various levels:

UG Courses

PG Courses

Doctoral Courses




BTech Lateral Entry

Integrated/Dual degree


Engineering Branches

Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering are the top five engineering streams according to MHRD’s AISHE report. Besides these, there are numerous other engineering specializations/branches that candidates can choose from. Given below are some: 

Aeronautical Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Marine Engineering

Automobile Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering

Mechatronics Engineering

Biotechnology Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Ceramic Engineering

Mining Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Petroleum Engineering

Civil Engineering

Power Engineering

Communications Engineering

Production Engineering

Computer Science Engineering

Robotics Engineering

Construction Engineering

Structural Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Telecommunication Engineering

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Textile Engineering

Electronics Engineering

Tool Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Transportation Engineering

FAQs related to Engineering

Q. What is engineering?

A. Engineering is the application of science and mathematics for making properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature useful to people.

Q. What is a professional engineer?

A. Professional engineers are the ones who had completed the rigorous education, passed the final examination, and acquired the relevant experience. Only such engineers are permitted to offer engineering services to the public.

Q. What do engineers do?

A. Engineers take abstract ideas and apply science and mathematics to build products to meet the needs of mankind.

Q. What is the difference between science and engineering?

A. Science is the knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths whereas Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles. Engineering is used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve the daily lives of people.

Q. How many types of engineering specialties are there?

A. There are different types of engineering streams such as Aerospace, Agricultural, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil (General and Structural), Computer, Control Systems, Electrical and Electronics, Industrial, Manufacturing, Mechanical, Mining, Nuclear, and Petroleum.

Q. What are the major breakthroughs attributed to engineers in improving the quality of our everyday lives?

A. From the mass production of the automobile to space travel, Telephone, the Internet, and from bioengineered foods to clean water, engineers’ expertise has improved the quality of our lives.

Q. Who was the world's first engineer?

A. Perhaps, Imhotep of Egypt was the first engineer as he built the Step Pyramid in 2250 BC.


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