Genetic Engineering

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What is Genetic Engineering?

Genetic Engineering additionally called genetic modification or genetic manipulation is the immediate control of a living being's genes using biotechnology. It is an arrangement of innovations used to change the hereditary forms of cells, including the exchange of qualities inside and across species limits to create enhanced or novel living beings.

Genetic Engineering has been connected in various fields including research, medicine, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. In research, GMOs are utilized to contemplate quality capacity and articulation through loss of function, gain of function, tracking and expression experiments. By thumping out genes responsible for specific conditions it is possible to create animal model organisms of human diseases. And in addition to producing hormones, immunizations and different drug genetic engineering can possibly fix hereditary diseases through quality treatment. Similar strategies that are utilized to create medications can likewise have mechanical applications, for example, producing enzymes for detergents, cheeses and different products.

The ascent of commercialised genetically modified crops has given a financial advantage to agriculturists in a wide range of nations, however, has additionally been the wellspring of a large portion of the debate encompassing the innovation. This has been available since its initial implementation, the primary field trials were destroyed by anti-GM activists. In spite of the fact that there is a logical accord that at presently accessible sustenance got from GM crops represents no more serious hazard to human wellbeing than regular nourishment, GM sustenance security is the main concern with critics.

Required Skillset for Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is the study of genes and the science of heredity. Genetic engineers or geneticists study living organisms ranging from human being to crops and even bacteria.

These professionals also conduct researches which is a major part of their work profile. The experiments are conducted to determine the origin and governing laws of a particular inherited trait. These traits include medical condition, diseases etc. The study is further used to seek our determinants responsible for the inherited trait.

Genetic engineers or Geneticists keep on finding ways to enhance their work profile depending on the place and organization they are working with. In manufacturing, these professionals will develop new pharmaceutical or agricultural products while in a medical setting, they advise patients on the diagnosed medical conditions that are inherited and also treat patients on the same.

Skill sets for Genetic engineers or Geneticists

Strong understanding of scientific methods and rules

complex problem solving and critical thinking

ability to use computer-aided design (CAD)

graphics or photo imaging

PERL, Python

word processing software programs

excellent mathematical, deductive and inductive reasoning, reading, writing, and oral comprehension skills

ability to use lasers spectrometers, light scattering equipment, binocular light compound microscopes, bench top centrifuges, or similar laboratory equipment

Typical responsibilities of a Genetic Engineering or Geneticist includes:

  • conducting lab research and trials
  • extracting DNA or performing analytic tests
  • interpreting, checking on or favouring hereditary lab results
  • documenting their procedures and results
  • analysing hereditary information to make determinations and distribute look into
  • communicating aftereffects of discoveries, for example at meetings or in logical diaries
  • supervising or coordinating crafted by different geneticists, scientists, specialists or biometricians chipping away at hereditary qualities explore ventures
  • initiating new research at a senior level

When a genetic engineer gains a year of experience, one of the regions they can indulge into is hereditary advising, which includes offering data, support and counsel on hereditary conditions to your patients.

Genetic Engineering Eligibility Criteria

An individual aspiring to pursue a professional degree in Genetic Engineering can begin the BTech course after his/her 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology.

Admission to BTech in Genetic Engineering is made through entrance tests conducted in-house by various universities or through the scores of national engineering entrance examination like JEE for IITs/NITs & CFTIs across the country. 

Genetic Engineering professionals require a bachelor’s or master’s degree in Genetic Engineering or Genetic Sciences for entry-level careers. In any case, a doctoral qualification is required for those looking for free research professions. Important fields of study in Genetic Engineering incorporate natural chemistry, biophysics or related fields.

Genetic Engineers require a solid comprehension of logical techniques and guidelines, and in addition complex critical thinking and basic reasoning aptitudes. Phenomenal scientific, deductive and inductive thinking aptitudes, and in addition perusing, composing, and oral cognizance abilities are additionally expected to work in this field.

Course curriculum for Genetic Engineering

A semester- wise breakup of the course is tabulated below –



Mathematics 1

Mathematics 2


Material Science


Principles of Environmental Science



Basic Engineering 1

Basic Engineering 2


Cell Biology


Value Education



Enzyme Technology

Basic Molecular Techniques

Genetics & Cytogenetics

Molecular Biology


Stoichiometry and Engineering Thermodynamics


Bio-press Principles

Mechanical Operations & heat Transfer


German Language Phase 1/French Language Phase 1/Japanese Language Phase 1

German Language Phase 2/Japanese Language Phase 2/French Language Phase 2

Computer Skills




Advanced Molecular Techniques

Recombinant DNA Technology

Functional Genomics and Microarray Technology


Momentum Transfer

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering

Gene Therapy


Biosensors and Biochips

Plant Tissue Culture and Transgenic Technology


Personality Development




Bio-separation Technology

Project Work

Animal Cell Culture and Transgenic Technology

Bio-Safety, Bio-ethics, IPR & Patients

Nano-biotechnology in Healthcare


Stem Cell Biology


Job Profile

Aspirants who wish to join the engineering industry as a genetic engineer can apply for the following jobs profiles available:



Genetic Engineer

They apply their knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles into the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health care and management.


They teach at undergraduate and graduate level in areas allocated and reviewed from time to time by the Head of Department. 

Research Scientist

They are responsible for designing, undertaking and analyzing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments and trials.

Scientific/Medical Writer

The research, prepare and coordinate scientific publications. The medical writer is responsible for researching, writing and editing clinical/statistical reports and study protocols, and summarizing data from clinical studies.

Popular Exams for Genetic Engineering

Most of the engineering educational institutes shortlist candidates for admission Into BTech in Genetic Engineering course on the basis of engineering entrance exams. These entrance exams are either conducted at the national level like JEE or held in-house by various engineering institutes in the country.

Some of the popular engineering entrance examinations aspirants should consider appearing for admissions to UG and PG level Automobile engineering courses are:

JEE Main

JEE Advanced



Banasthali University Aptitude Test



Amity JEE





FAQs related to Genetic Engineering

Q. Which college is best for genetic engineering?

A. SRM University Chennai Tamil Nadu, Bharath University Chennai Tamil Nadu, Aryabhatta Knowledge University Patna Bihar, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Bangalore are some of the institutes offering genetic engineering

Q. Is Jee required for genetic engineering?

A. NITs and IITs across India does not offer genetic engineering. But there are 2–3 collages which take admission on the basis of JEE main

Q. What is the qualification for genetic engineering?

A. For admission to BTech Genetic Engineering course, the candidate is needed to have passed the Higher Secondary School Certificate (10+2) examination from a recognized Board of education with Biology, Physics and Chemistry as main subjects with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.

Q. Does IIT offer genetic engineering?

A. No, IIT directly does not offer genetic engineering. Candidates have to take Life Sciences in graduation or  Biotechnology from any engineering college in India.

Q. Is genetic engineering a good career?

A. Yes, a genetic engineer is a good career option nowadays. A genetic engineer can work in both private and public sectors. Genetic engineering graduates are required in government as well as private organizations. With the increasing number of biotech firms in India, the future scope in genetic engineering is good.

Q. What is the salary of genetic engineer?

A. For research associate, it ranges from 3.5 lakh to 5 lakh per year. Junior scientists vary from 6-9 lakh per annum. Whereas for a senior scientist, it varies between 15-16 lakh per annum in private companies

Q. How many years does it take to be a genetic engineer?

A. The genetic engineering field is a specialization in biomedical engineering that can take four to eight years to master.

Q. Is biotechnology available in IIT?

A. Yes, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay have dual degree courses to study Biotechnology.  

Q. Is genetic engineering and biotechnology the same?

A. Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology.

Q. Which country is best for genetic engineering?

A. Switzerland, the USA, England and Scotland are few countries best for genetic engineering.


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