Humanities & Social Sciences


Humanities & Social Sciences

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What is Humanities & Social Sciences?

Humanities & Social Sciences is one of the major academic disciplines. The field of study teaches students how history, art, music, religion and culture have shaped the modern world. While on one hand, Humanities centres on art, music and literature, on the other hand, Social Sciences focuses on anthropology, archaeology and politics. That is why even though the two streams are different they are often studied together as both complement each other.   

A career in Humanities & Social Sciences is not traditionally considered a great career builder. This is because there is a common perception that only students who are academically weak opt for this stream. However, this is far from the truth as there are a lot of career opportunities available for Humanities & Social Sciences students right after graduation.  

Candidates can take up many courses in the field of Humanities & Social Sciences. Some of the popular courses include:

Humanities & Social Sciences Courses
UG Courses PG Courses

BA English

MA English

BA Political Science

MA Political Science

BA Economics

MA Economics

BA History

MA History

BA Sociology

MA Sociology

BA Geography

MA Geography

BA Philosophy

MA Philosophy

BA Psychology

MA Psychology

BLibSc (Bachelor of Library Science)

MLibSc (Master of Library Science)

BSW (Bachelor of Social Work)

MSW (Master of Social Work)

Other than pure Humanities & Social Sciences courses mentioned above candidates can also take up professional courses in the fields of travel & tourism, journalism, advertising, performing arts, animation, management, and so on.

Read: Courses after 12th in Arts and Humanities

Required Skills

Candidates looking to pursue a career in the stream of Humanities & Social Sciences should possess the below-mentioned traits and skillset:

Skillset for Humanities & Social Sciences Candidates

Communication skills

Presentation skills

Research skills

Analytical skills

Problem-solving skills


Critical thinking

Ability to work in a team

Ability to work independently

Competency skills

Organisation skills

Interpersonal skills

Leadership skills

Decision-making skills

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates can pursue a course in Humanities & Social Sciences at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels:

UG Level: Candidates should clear Class 12 in any stream with minimum 50% - 60% marks from a recognised board.

PG Level: Candidates should clear graduation preferably in the subject in which they wish to pursue masters with minimum 50% - 60% aggregate marks.

It may be noted that Humanities & Social Sciences eligibility criteria mentioned above might vary depending on the policy of the university or college in which a candidate is applying for admission.

Course Curriculum

As stated above, there are a wide variety of courses that candidates can pursue in the stream of Humanities & Social Sciences. Subjects taught in Humanities & Social Sciences depend on the course a candidate is pursuing. However, given below is curriculum for some popular Humanities courses including BA English, BA Political Science, MA English, and MA Political Science.

BA English (3 Years Duration)

BA English Course Curriculum

Indian Classical Literature

European Classical Literature

Indian Writing in English

British Poetry and Drama: 14th to 17th Centuries

American Literature

Popular Literature

British Literature: 18th Century

British Romantic Literature

British Literature: 19th Century

Women’s Writing

British Literature: The Early 20th Century

Modern European Drama

Postcolonial Literature

British Poetry and Drama: 17th and 18th Centuries

Modern Indian Writing in English Translation

The literature of the Indian Diaspora

British Literature: Post World War II

Nineteenth-Century European Realism

Literary Theory

Literary Criticism

Science fiction and Detective Literature

Literature and Cinema

World Literatures

Partition Literature

Research Methodology

Travel writing


Academic Writing and Composition

Media and Communication Skills

Text and Performance

Language and Linguistics

Contemporary India: Women and Empowerment

Gender and Human Rights

Language, Literature and Culture

Environmental Study

English/ MIL Communication

Film Studies

English Language Teaching

Soft Skills

Translation Studies

Creative Writing

Business Communication

MA English (2 Years Duration)

MA English Course Curriculum

English Literature from Chaucer to Milton

Eighteenth-Century English Literature

Literary Criticism

Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Drama

Indian Literature

Ancient Greek and Latin Literature


Romantic Poetry

Literature and Gender

European Comedy

Nineteenth-Century Novel

Twentieth-Century Poetry and Drama

Language and Linguistics

American Literature

Literature and the Visual Arts in Europe

New Literature in English

Twentieth-Century Novel

The Novel in India

BA Political Science (3 Years Duration)      

BA Political Science Course Curriculum

Basic Principles of Political Science

Indian Constitution

Understanding Political Theory

Constitutional Government and Democracy in India

Political Theory-Concepts and Debates

Political Process in India

Introduction to Comparative Government and Politics

Perspectives on Public Administration

Perspectives on International Relations and World History

Political Processes and Institutions in Comparative Perspective

Public Policy and Administration in India

Global Politics

Classical Political Philosophy

Indian Political Thought

Modern Political Philosophy

Nationalism in India

Contemporary Political Economy

Women, Power and Politics

Gandhi and the Contemporary World

Understanding Ambedkar

Governance: Issues and Challenges

Politics of Globalization

United Nations and Global Conflicts

Citizenship in a Globalizing World

Human Rights in a Comparative Perspective

Development Process and Social Movements in Contemporary India

Public Policy in India

Colonialism and Nationalism in India

India’s Foreign Policy in a Globalizing world

Feminism: Theory and Practice

Dilemmas in Politics

Your Laws, Your Rights

Public Opinion and Survey Research

Legislative Practices and Procedures

Peace and Conflict Resolution


Environmental Science

Comparative Government and Politics

MA Political Science (2 Years Duration)     

MA Political Science Course Curriculum

Western Political Though

Indian Government and Politics

International Relations-Theory

Public Administration

Research Methodology

Political Geography

Political Leadership-Special Reference to Nation Building Process

Debates in Political Theory

Comparative Political Analysis

Politics in India

Theories of International Relations

Administrative Theory

Themes in Indian Political Thought

Themes in World Politics and International Political Economy

Key Texts in Political Philosophy

Interpreting Modern India

Democracy and Political Institutions


Job Profiles & Career Options

The field of Humanities & Social Sciences offers a wide range of career options for students. On one hand, while professions such as civil services, teaching and journalism are dominated by Humanities graduates, on other hand, Social Science students often find working in the field of social work.   

Given below are some popular job profiles that candidates can take up after completing a course in Humanities & Social Sciences:

  • Archaeologist: An archaeologist is a professional who studies the origin, development, and behaviour of human beings. The professional examines artefacts ranging from prehistoric tools to tiny organisms.  
  • Teacher/ Professor: Candidates interested in the field of academics can choose to be a teacher in a school or a professor in college/ university after attaining required qualification.  
  • Cultural Anthropologist: Also known as sociocultural anthropologist, a cultural anthropologist studies the art, traditions, customs, and languages of societies to learn how humanity has developed over a period of time.
  • Editor: An editor is a professional responsible for the overall style and content of a publication. The job role of an editor is mostly managerial in which s/he reviews story ideas, determines what content is most likely to please readers, and offers suggestions to improve the content.
  • Geologist: A geologist is responsible for studying earth processes such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanic eruptions to survey the land and draw up safe building plans. A geologist also uses his/ her geological knowledge along with physics and maths for exploration of minerals, oil, gas or underground water.
  • Historian: A historian researches, analyses as well as interprets the past as recorded in various sources such as newspapers, government records, photographs, films, interviews, letters, unpublished manuscripts, etc.
  • Linguistic Anthropologist: A linguistic anthropologist studies the nature of different languages and how people use them in their daily life. The anthropologist studies the history of languages, the way languages change over time, and how languages shape human behavior.
  • Museum Curator: A curator is a professional who assembles, catalogues, manages and presents cultural as well as artistic collections in museums and galleries.
  • Park Interpreter: A park interpreter is responsible for researching, developing as well as conducting education programmes for people who visit national, provincial and municipal parks and conservation areas. The interpreter uses a variety of ways to educate people such as conducting theatre presentations and nature walks.
  • Oceanographer: The main job of an oceanographer is to study ocean. Job responsibilities of an oceanographer, however, varies as per his/ her specialisation. For instance, a biological oceanographer studies plants, animals and microbes. On the other hand, a physical oceanographer examines attributes of the ocean like temperature, waves and tides.
  • Statistician: A statistician is a professional who gathers numerical data and then displays it, thereby helping companies to make sense of the data, spot trends and make predictions.

Humanities and Social Science FAQs

Q. What is the difference between Humanities and Social Sciences?

A. Humanities caters to subjects such as Law, Linguistics, Languages, Economics, while Social Sciences has a scientific approach which requires research work which includes subjects such as History, Philosophy, Anthropology, Political Science and more.

Q. Are Humanities subjects more theoretical or practical?

A. In Humanities and Social Science subjects, there is more theoretical aspects which need to be learnt and analysed. Simply the reason why there are higher studies and students can do research work through programmes such as MPhil and PhD.

Q. What are the areas of Humanities?

A. Humanities focuses on five areas - Arts, Literature, Religion, Philosophy and History.

Q. What is the duration of an MPhil course?

A. Depending on the research work, a Master in Philosophy (MPhil) programme duration is generally between two to three years.

Q. I have done Science in Class 12, but want to learn Political Science, am I eligible for the course?

A. Every university has set eligibility criterias, however, the standard criteria is that the candidate has to have done their Class 12 from a recognised board and should have secured a minimum of 55% aggregate to apply for BA in Political Science.

Q. Can I get a job after BA History?

A. Students can apply for jobs, however, it is advisable to continue with your further studies as History is mostly based on theoretical aspect. Through higher studies, one can narrow down on what course they would like to specialise in and then make a career in.

Q. What is the difference between BA and BA (Honours) course?

A. On doing a BA (Hons) course, one can specialise in a subject in the three-year duration, while in a BA programme, there is no specialisation.

Q. What is the eligibility criteria for MA in Sociology?

A. The candidate should have done their graduation in BA Sociology/BA (Hons) Sociology or should have done their BA in a similar field from a recognised university and should have secured a minimum of 55% aggregate.

Q. What can I do with a Philosophy degree?

A. On doing your MA in Philosophy, candidates can get jobs in areas such as Public Relations, Human Resources, Communications, Advertising, Politics and various other areas.

Q. I have not studied Economics in Class 12, can I take up BA Economics?

A. The student has to meet the eligibility criteria in order to be eligible for the programme. It is wise to opt for a course which you have studied as that will be counted in the best of four for the merit list. While some universities offer admission on the basis of merit, some universities offer admission on the basis of entrance exams. If you are able to clear the entrance exam, you are eligible for the course.


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